Strategies for journalists and scientists. Moving the course of interview into the right direction
When it comes to duration that is optimal of interview, practice implies that 1 minute of oral speech when decoding a job interview is corresponding to about 10 typewritten lines. Proceeding with this, it is important to assess the right period of the discussion utilizing the area allocated with this in a newspaper or magazine, essay or research paper. Then it makes no sense to talk for more than 25-30 minutes (taking into account the fact that oral translation is always reduced in volume due to clearer formulations, deletions of repetitions, etc.) if the volume of the text should be 100-150 lines (2-3 pages – the standard size of the interview),. A journalist can usually ask three main questions (to touch on three topics) and 3-4 additional questions to each of them during this time. For additional questions, the guideline is they should always be set “in depth" rather than “in breadth", that is, to specify the facts of just what had been said, and not to inquire of about brand new facts of the identical order.
The movement into the interview may take spot in four instructions:
- slip in the centre.
Going ahead and laterally within the interview
Moving forward is just a gradual research of 1 subject or perhaps a change from subject to topic. The movement is slow, in the second – fast in the first case. The speed that is optimal opted for for every single instance, nevertheless the journalist should avoid extremes-as an exorbitant deepening into the subject, when concerns start to concern details which can be uninteresting to an array of readers, and extortionate acceleration, as soon as the journalist, after one concern about this subject, moves to the next, then to yet the following and for that reason, none for the subjects are far more or less fully disclosed. Such an meeting can resemble the scene through the screen of the high-speed electric train, in terms of a particular landscape to start, because it instantly finishes.
Movement towards the part occurs when the topic that is main of slips into an in depth conversation of every of their aspects. You need certainly to act from the circumstances, however in any case, usually do not lose control of some time keep it stock that is sufficient ask most of the main concerns on the subject or a few topics of this meeting. Go back to the primary backbone of this conversation happens through the opening or filtering dilemmas described above.
Movement backwards and slipping at the center
Movement backwards happens if the journalist demands explanation and clarification of exactly what had been stated. Often this is why feeling, but strategically, the movement that is backward be prevented, as time is squandered, in addition to growth of the topic will not take place.
Sliding within one place of the meeting begins once the journalist calls into question the statements for the interlocutor and starts to argue with him. Beginning a dispute is quite dangerous. It always requires a complete lot of time, and it will prove that the journalist just doesn’t have time for you to ask their questions and you will be kept with absolutely nothing. In a extreme case, you can easily come right into a dispute at the conclusion of the interview, once the answers to your main questions have already been gotten.